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在底特律河发现的7英尺“怪物”鲟鱼可能超过100岁

A member of the Alpena Fish and Wildlife Conservation Office survey crew lays down beside the 6 foot 10 inch lake sturgeon, which was pulled from the Detroit River.
A member of the Alpena Fish and Wildlife Conservation Office survey crew lays down beside the 6 foot 10 inch lake sturgeon, which was pulled from the Detroit River. (图片信用:USFWS)

生物学家刚刚捕获了240磅(109公斤)鲟鱼,在密歇根州底特律河中测量了6英尺10英寸(2.1米)的长度。据美国鱼类和野生动物服务(USFWS)(USFWS)(USFWS)称,可能是女性,可能超过100岁的巨大的鱼类是美国最大的含量之一。

The researchers were surveying lake sturgeon in the area on April 22 when they caught the supersized sturgeon. It took three people to haul in, measure and tag the fish, which was later released back into the river. The biologists, from the Alpena Fish and Wildlife Conservation Office (AFWCO), were shocked by the discovery and described the sturgeon as a "real-life river monster,"根据CNN.

"As we pulled it in, it just got bigger and bigger," Jason Fischer, a fish biologist at the AFWCO who was involved in catching the sturgeon, told Live Science. "It ended up being over double the size of any fish caught in the area before, our excitement was through the roof."

Related:Photos of the largest fish on Earth

It was hard for the team to determine the fish's sex or age in the short window of time they had to assess it; but its size suggests the sturgeon is a female that is likely to be more than 100 years old. Incredibly, she had managed to avoid detection by scientific surveys in the area for over 20 years, Fischer said.

Gentle giants

Lake sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens)在美国的淡水系统中发现,从哈德森湾到密西西比河。男性可以活50至60岁,但是女性被认为有超过100年的生命跨度,因此他们可以增长更大,according to the USFWS.

Sturgeon look very similar to their prehistoric ancestors and have a distinct shark-like tail and rows of armored plates called “scutes” for protection. These characteristics, combined with their large size, give the fish their monstrous appearance; but they are actually completely harmless to humans.

Sturgeon are bottom-feeders and spend most of their time at the bottoms of rivers and lakes, where they feed on insects, worms, snails, crayfish and small fish. They catch their prey via suction feeding — by sucking down large amounts of prey-filled water and sediment — and as a result, they do not have any teeth.

Related:Photos: The freakiest-looking fish on the planet

Lake sturgeon are also very popular among local residents of the Detroit River area. "They are a large, charismatic fish, and a lot of people enjoy seeing them and knowing they are out there," Fischer said.

Under threat

据USFWS表示,苏尔盖蒙目前列入了20个州的19个州中的19个威胁,他们在其中包括密歇根州。有许多原因,包括水道中有毒污染以及水坝的建设和洪水控制措施,影响其在其产卵场上行驶的能力。然而,其中一个主要因素是历史性的过度捕捞。

“大约120年前,在美国的鲟鱼中有一个非常强大的商业渔业,”Justin Chiotti,这是一个没有参与鲟鱼的AFWCO的鱼生物学家,告诉实时科学。澳门金沙网上游戏“很多大鱼都被取出了。”

从那时起,诸如污染的其他压力降低了鲟鱼的预期寿命,这使得这种特殊的鱼的尺寸更为令人印象深刻。

There are now bans on commercial fishing and strict catch limits in place for recreational fishing for sturgeon, which are starting to show signs of recovery, Fischer said. The Detroit River now has one of the healthiest populations in the country, with more than 6,500 lake sturgeon, Chiotti said.

The surveys carried out by AFWCO and other USFWS groups across the country play an important role in monitoring population recovery, and supersized individuals like this one are indicators that the population and wider ecosystem are doing well, Chiotti said.

However, the scientists think there may still be bigger fish lurking in the depths.

"I don't think we caught the biggest sturgeon in the system," Chiotti said. "There are historical accounts of even larger fish being found."

Originally published on Live Science.